The gastrointestinal infections are variable and children are among the most vulnerable candidates. May be caused by a variety of protozoa or bacterial or viral pathogens and functional disturbances can range from mild and slightly uncomfortable, to become a potentially serious; with symptoms of dehydration and malnutrition, which can have a fulminant course and put in endanger the life of the child.
It can be caused by contaminated food, either raw or prepared, and for foods that have not been cooked properly, so children should not eat meat or fish raw or undercooked areas inside. Candidates may also give problems foods that are kept in conditions of poor maintenance or deterioration is accelerated, due to high temperatures or an improper place of storage.
In the same way, the water untreated from unsafe springs which is infected by contact with infected people or fruit and poorly washed vegetables, so it is advisable to wash these foods, maintaining a good hygiene, especially in children, if they are in contact with these patients and be careful with the water intake, especially if you are traveling.
Food plays an important role in the healing of children, managing a soft diet and hydrating properly, every 15 minutes, especially in summer and every 30 minutes in colder times. Recommended food without fat, grilled or baked, avoiding the fried foods, oils, olives and nuts.
Recommended food low in fiber and intestinal (gastrointestinal); avoid whole foods, whole grains, fresh fruit with shell and uncooked vegetables. Opt for the potato, rice, noodles, white bread and stewed fruit without skin. With regard to the proteins, the most suitable are the meat of turkey or chicken without skin or fat and cheese.